The Whisper motorglider from South Africa, designed by Russell Phillips in 2004, served admirably in its intended role as a long-winged self-launching soaring aircraft boosted aloft by an 80-hp Jabiru, Limbach or Rotax engine. But with over 30 Whispers flying, there was obviously a potential for more capability in the sleek little composite cruiser. Exchanging the extended 52.5-foot wings for a mere 122 square feet of wing area, shortening the overall length, and installing a four-cylinder Lycoming of 160 to 200 hp has created the Whisper X350 Generation II, the “350” signifying a design top speed target of 350 kph, roughly 190 knots.
Christiaan van Zyl and his sons purchased the Whisper Gen II design in 2015 and are actively pursuing sales opportunities worldwide. Can a kit aircraft from South Africa find acceptance in the North American market? U.S. dealers Ozark Mountain Aviation in Ozark, Missouri, and Craft Aviation in Greenville, Wisconsin, certainly think so. In speaking with John Hayes at Craft Aviation, located near Appleton, north of Oshkosh, we learned that he plans to be a stocking dealer, keeping two kits on hand for immediate delivery.
To check out this latest offering from overseas, we stopped in to visit Delbert Sinor at Ozark Mountain Aviation, after spotting the gleaming X350 demo ship at AirVenture. He operates a full-service maintenance facility at a fly-in community’s restricted private airport, just south of Springfield, Missouri. Sinor was ready and willing to give us a sample flight in N181WA, the first X350 Gen II in the U.S.
The demonstrator was nicely upholstered with red and black leather. The center stick frees up space, but dual sticks are also available.
It Just Whispers, “I’m Fast”
The Whisper is a sharp-looking side-by-side two-seater, particularly when perched on tailwheel landing gear. Tricycle gear will probably be a popular option, out of necessity for tamer handling and greater tolerance of gusty winds. The kit can be built up in either configuration, using heavy composite reinforcement around the steel mountings for the main gear legs, which are attached to the fuselage instead of the wing.
Primary construction is of carbon fiber composite, with E-glass used for non-structural items like the cowling, fairings, and wing and tail tips. The fuselage, molded in upper and lower sections, is furnished as a fully joined assembly, complete with vertical fin, rather than as two halves requiring gluing together. A reinforcing bulkhead is installed aft of the cockpit area.
There’s plenty of room for avionics on the panel. The demonstrator is equipped with MGL Avionics PFD and MFD displays.
Similarly, the wing assemblies in the kit come fully closed. As expected from its motorglider origins, the X350’s wings and horizontal tail are removable for trailer transport, with the attachments accessed through openings in the leading edges, although these features aren’t likely to be used regularly in sport flying. Wing dihedral is 3 degrees. The electric flaps extend to 45 degrees and are of generous span, extending under the wing root fairing. Aileron span is somewhat shorter than that of the accompanying flap; up-swept wing tips add a classy look, and perhaps a bit of winglet effect. Compact LED navigation light and strobe clusters are on each wing tip, incorporating the white tail light coverage as well.
The 60-hour fresh demonstration prototype had all of its 32-gallon fuel supply in the fuselage; a 22-gallon header tank forward of the instrument panel provided a continuous supply for the engine, while 10 additional gallons were contained under the cockpit floorboards, pumped into the header tank after it was half empty. Sinor said this setup will be replaced in production kits with a wet-wing system, for a total of 63 gallons, greatly increasing foot room under the panel. The header tank will be optional. The new carbon fiber wing has been loaded to 12 G’s positive; overall, the Whisper has a design load factor limit of 6 G’s positive and 4 G’s negative, although it is not intended for aerobatics.
The articulated lift-up canopy swings fully aft over the turtle deck to give unrestricted access from either wing walk.
The steel main landing gear legs, along with their 5.00×5 wheels and braking system, are supplied by Grove. The full-swivel solid-rubber Aviation Products tailwheel is steerable. Access doors on the close-fitted main wheel fairings allow air to be added to a tire without disassembling the fairing. The horizontal tail is a low cruciform design of generous span, mounted well above the wake from extended wing flaps, and the rudder has a sizable amount of area for adequate control. No adjustable elevator trim tab was installed on N181WA, nor did we miss it during our short test hop, but Sinor said a trim system was being considered for future kits, probably to be electrically actuated. The ailerons are moved by pushrods, while the elevator routing is a combination of pushrod linkage into the tailcone and cables to complete the circuit. The rudder is cable driven.
An articulated lift-up canopy swings fully aft over the turtle deck to give unrestricted access from either wing walk. When lowered in place, it appears to be joined to a fixed windshield with a bow structure, but the assembly is actually a one-piece bubble, using simple wrap-around windshield glazings in front with curved side pieces installed aft. The canopy’s reinforcing bow did not impinge on our view of the runway, we found. With the canopy open, removable glareshield panels can give working room to reach the back of the avionics and instruments.
The Lycoming O-320 is fitted with Superior Millennium cylinders. A sleek plenum is used for cooling instead of a baffle system.
Up forward, the upper cowling removes quickly with screwdriver-actuated cam-locking fasteners, allowing wide-open access to the Lycoming O-320 four-cylinder engine, fitted with Superior Millennium cylinders. A sleek plenum is fitted atop the engine instead of relying on a baffle system. The sealed 12-volt battery is mounted on the firewall. While designed to accommodate engines up to 200 hp, the Whisper performs well on 150-160 hp. A two-blade composite WhirlWind ground-adjustable propeller provides the appropriate thrust. Twin NACA inlets on the forward fuselage feed vents in the sun-drenched cockpit.
Mounting Up for Flight
The four-foot wide interior was nicely upholstered in a red and black leather motif, an available option for builders in place of a vinyl interior offering. Use of a center stick frees up space for slipping into the semi-supine seats, fitted with four-way restraint harnesses. If one prefers conventional dual sticks, they are available as an optional feature, Sinor says. Due to the demonstrator’s under-floor fuel tank, the cockpit floor was quite flat forward of the seats, and I had a little trouble getting my number-twelve brogans situated on the rudder pedals. There was no concern about inadvertently actuating the toe brakes since they weren’t installed on the right side.
The electric flaps extend to 45 degrees and are of generous span, extending under the wing root fairing.
Boost pump and mags on, Sinor had the O-320 fired up in short order, and the canopy was lowered for taxiing by tugging on a dangling strap provided for just that purpose. There’s no plan to fit a sliding canopy. Ground visibility is excellent, thanks to the low glareshield and cowling. The tailwheel carries considerable weight, so steering appeared to be quick and positive, even with the center stick in neutral.
The one-piece vertical fin is molded into the upper section of the fuselage. The cruciform horizontal tail is mounted well above the wake from extended wing flaps
The MGL Avionics PFD and MFD displays had everything we needed for VFR flight, and even IFR control would be simplified with the synthetic terrain and attitude cues. Sinor indicated that Dynon SkyView HDX displays would be furnished in Whisper’s all-inclusive kits for builders not wishing to install their own choice of avionics. Pre-takeoff checks weren’t onerous, just the usual confirmation of engine, controls, fuel, and belts. It is vital to latch both sides of the canopy with the over-center handles provided because if left unsecured, it would begin to lift as soon as airspeed built up on the takeoff roll, requiring an abort.
The elevator trim tabs on N181WA were fixed, but adjustable electric trim is being considered for future kits.
Ground roll specs call for 300 meters, just under 1000 feet, and we were off and climbing well before that, with the aid of a 10-knot quartering wind on Sinor’s 3000-foot home runway. Using 85 knots for a climb speed, we averaged over 800 fpm at 2250 rpm in the ascent to 3000 feet msl. Sinor was eager to demonstrate the Whisper’s speedy cruise, so the power was left up as we leveled off, and the IAS rose to 153 knots, pulling 2600 rpm, a true airspeed of just over 160 knots. The X350’s design target of “350 kilometers per hour” top speed appears to be attainable with a bigger engine like an IO-390 providing the push.
A more reasonable cruise rpm of 2400 yielded an IAS of 142 knots, which is quite adequate. At full speed, we found the aileron forces to be fairly stiff as would be expected, lightening up as speed came down for the traffic pattern. The elevators were not overly sensitive, just a good match for the ailerons, and rudder control was quick and positive. The pitch stability was somewhat neutral, in that we didn’t find the Whisper eager to drop its nose after pulling up and reducing speed; it was content to remain in the new attitude until we returned it to level flight. No attempt was made to check stall characteristics.
Whoa, Lil’ Whisper
Descending back to home base, the sleek Whisper needed near-idle power to bleed off speed so we could reach the downwind-leg goal of 80 knots in the traffic pattern. To assist, the 10-degree flap limit speed is pegged at 120 knots, with full flaps allowed below 87 knots. Sinor added full flaps on base leg, slowing to 75 knots, and established a 70-knot short-final speed. The touchdown came at 50 knots; meeting the 984-foot landing roll specification would simply be a matter of using appropriate braking.
There’s a lot to like about the Whisper X350 Gen II: its sleek looks, the blazing cruise speed, a roomy cockpit, and an apparent ease of assembly. To get his customers started right, Sinor plans to offer two weeks or more of builder assistance at his Ozark Mountain Aviation hangar. From my brief sampling, I’d like to see a little more cockpit ventilation, more foot room after the wing fuel system is installed, and enhanced stability with an elevator trim system. I’d also like to revisit it with tricycle gear. There’s a lot of potential in the Whisper design.